LIC Policies-How to calculate returns?

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A few months back when I wrote about “LIC Bonus rates for 2012-13 and comparison“, I flooded with lots of queries about doubts to calculate return on LIC policies. So thought to sum up all those issues and write an article on that.

I recently wrote a post which is exhaustive than this one and hope will be helpful for you to calculate returns on your LIC policies. Please check the below link for the same.

Also, watch the video I created for the same.

In LIC there are basically two type of plans either With Profit Plans or Without Profit Plans. First we will look at what do you mean by without profit plans. In such plans there will be no bonus, LA or GA payable to you and on the date of maturity, only the sum assured will be paid.

Rest of all policies come under with profit plans. Examples of the few are Endowment Plan (Table-14), Money Back Plans, Jeevan Anand, Jeevan Saral, Jeevan Ankur or Komal Jeevan.

In with profit policies you get returns based on the declaration of bonus, loyalty addition or final additional bonus of LIC. So first let us understand each component of these  in detail.

1) Bonus-Bonus is the return what LIC include into your policy account on yearly base. LIC usually declares bonus rate for all policies on yearly base. Note the point that, even though it is accumulated on yearly base but you get this return only either on maturity or on death claims. Hence don’t be happy now itself that you got high bonus. Will make you familiar with bonus calculation from below example.

Suppose Mr.X take Jeevan Anand policy at the age of 30 yrs. The term of the Plan is 25 yrs and the Sum Assured opted is Rs.10,00,000. So from start to maturity period he is entitled to the bonus which LIC declares. It will get paid on maturity. If something happens to him during the period of the policy term then his nominee will receive Sum Assured+Accumulated bonus till that period. Calculation of bonus is as below.

Suppose if LIC declares bonus as Rs.40 for particular year then what it mean? It means that for Sum Assured of Rs.1,000 LIC will pay you Rs.40 as bonus for that particular year. Hence in the above example Mr.X opted Rs.10,00,000 as Sum Assured, so he will get a bonus as Rs.40,000 {(Rs.10,00,000*Rs.40)/Rs.1,000}. Now the interesting point here is, as I said above this will be included in your policy account for that particular year but will not be paid to you. The same way they calculate for each year bonus and will pay you either on maturity or on death.

Below is the list of policies which are entitled to receive bonus.

1) Whole Life Plans, 2) Endowment Plans, 3) Jeevan Mitra double and triple cover, 4) Jeevan Saathi, 5) Marriage Endowment Plans, 6) Jeevan Chhaya, 7) Jeevan Shree-1, 8) Jeevan Anurag, 9) Money Back plans etc.

2) Guaranteed Addition (GA)-In few plans bonuses is guaranteed where LIC obliged to pay a fixed amount of bonus till the agreed period. It is usually called as Guaranteed Addition. Few of such plans are Komal Jeevan and Jeevan Shree-1.

3) Loyalty Addition (LA)-This is one time payment which will be given to you only after completion of certain period (either maturity or death). As the name suggests, this is given to you by being loyal to LIC. So if for any particular plan LIC declares LA as Rs.250 for those all policies who completed 25 years then the calculation will be as below.

We again take Mr.X’s example, in his case he will be entitled to receive Rs.2,50,000 {(Rs.10,00,000*Rs.250)/Rs.1,000}. In all policies usually LA will be for each Rs.1,000 Sum Assured. But exception to this is Jeevan Saral, where LA will be on each Rs.1,000 Maturity Sum Assured.

This Maturity Sum Assured is differ from Sum Assured for Jeevan Saral. This Maturity Sum Assured is calculated based the age, term and premium.

4) Final Additional Bonus (FAB)This is same as Loyalty Addition. Usually paid to policies whose term is more than 15 years. The calculation of this FAB is same as that of LA. This is calculated for each Rs.1,000 Sum Assured (Jeevan Saral not have FAB). Policies which have long term will usually have higher FAB.

These above four are the components which constitutes your return on LIC policy. But do remember that each policy has its own feature. Hence never believe that your policy has all the above return features. But almost all policies have either bonus or GA. LA and FAB depends on policy feature. Hope this above explanation made easy in calculating

 

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