Many of us are now investing in NPS. But are we aware NPS returns for the year 2016? Who is the best NPS Fund Manager according to the performance report? Let us understand this in detail.

## What is Scheme Preference in NPS Account

In NPS, there are two types of options available to create your portfolio. They are as below. Remember this scheme preference is not available for Government Employees Tier 1 Account Type. However, they have freedom to choose scheme preference in their Tier 2 account. For rest of all investors, you have an option to choose scheme preference.

**# Active choice** – You will decide on the asset classes in which the contributed funds are to be invested and their percentages (Asset class E-Maximum of 50%, Asset Class C, and Asset Class G ).

# **Auto choice** **– Lifecycle Fund**– This is the default option under NPS and wherein the management of investment of funds is done automatically based on the age profile of the subscriber. At the age of 18 years, the auto choice will invest 50% of pension wealth in E Class, 30% in C Class and 20% in G-Class. These ratios of investment will remain fixed for all contributions until the participant reaches the age of 36 yrs. From age 36 yrs onwards, the weight in E and C asset class will decrease annually and the weight in G class will increase annually till it reaches 10% in E, 10% in C and 80% in G class at age 55 yrs.

At the age of 18 years, the auto choice will invest 50% of pension wealth in E Class, 30% in C Class and 20% in G-Class. These ratios of investment will remain fixed for all contributions until the participant reaches the age of 36 yrs. From age 36 yrs onwards, the weight in E and C asset class will decrease annually and the weight in G class will increase annually till it reaches 10% in E, 10% in C and 80% in G class at age 55 yrs.

Such changes will be done on the birth date of the subscriber. Such changes can be done once in a financial year.

## What are the types of funds available in NPS?

There are three types of NPS funds available. They are as below.

- Asset class E : Invest in equity market instruments. This is the riskier asset class among all three.
- Asset class G : Invest in fixed income instruments. The best example of this is central government bond. This is the secured among all three.
- Asset class C : Invest in fixed income instruments. Examples of these are bonds issued by firms or companies. this neither risky like Asset Class E nor safe like Asset Class G.

## What are the NPS returns for 2016?

Now let us see what are the returns of NPS for the year 2016. I am updating this information as of 31st August, 2016. I will change it for the next part of the year as and when PFRDA publish it.

### NPS Tier 1 Scheme E Returns for 2016

Below is the chart of the same.

You notice that for 3 years returns, UTI (19.78%), ICICI (19.72%) and Kotak (19.41%) performed well. Whereas SBI (19.35%), HDFC (19.12%), Reliance (18.70%) and LIC (15.26%) are laggers. Among all these UTI is best and LIC is the worst performer.

You notice that for 5 years returns, ICICI (14.15%), SBI (14.11%), UTI (14.06%) are performed well. Whereas Kotak (13.92%) and Reliance (13.53%) are lagging behind. LIC and HDFC launched in 2013. Hence, we don’t have 5 years performance data.

### NPS Tier 1 Scheme C Returns for 2016

Below is the chart of the same.

You notice that for 3 years returns ICICI (13.37%), Kotak (13.10%) and SBI (12.93%) were performed well. Whereas Reliance (12.81%) UTI (12.71%), HDFC (12.59%) and LIC (12.52%) are lagging behind.

You notice that for 5 years returns leaders are ICICI (11.98%), Kotak (11.78%) and SBI (11.60%). Whereas Reliance (11.51%) and UTI (10%) are lagging behind. LIC and HDFC launched in 2013. Hence, we don’t have 5 years performance data.

### NPS Tier 1 Scheme G Returns for 2016

Below is the chart of the same.

You notice that for 3 years returns, SBI (14.66%), Reliance (14.53%) and ICICI (14.37%) are leading performers. Whereas LIC (14.24%), Kotak (14.23%), UTI (14.21%) and HDFC (13.86%) are lagging performers.

You notice that for 5 years returns leaders are ICICI (11.27%), Reliance (11.12%) and Kotak (11.05%). Whereas SBI (10.92%) and UTI (10.73%) are lagging performers. LIC and HDFC launched in 2013. Hence, we don’t have 5 years performance data.

### NPS Tier 2 Scheme E Returns for 2016

Below is the chart of the same.

You notice that for 3 years returns, UTI (20.21%), ICICI (19.62%) and SBI (19.44%) are the leading performers. Whereas Kotak (19.08%), Reliance (18.77%), HDFC (12.43%) and LIC (8.52%) are lagging performers.

You notice that for 5 years returns, SBI (14%), Kotak (13.9%) and ICICI (13.87%) are the leading performers. Whereas UTI (13.82%) and Reliance (13.55%) are lagging performers. LIC and HDFC launched in 2013. Hence, we don’t have 5 years performance data.

### NPS Tier 2 Scheme C Returns for 2016

Below is the chart of the same.

You notice that for 3 years returns, ICICI (13.16%), SBI (12.86%), Reliance (12.71%) and UTI (12.7%) are best performers. Whereas Kotak (12.66%), LIC (10.79%) and HDFC (10.34%) are lagging performers.

You notice that for 5 years returns, ICICI (11.65%), Kotak (11.03%) and UTI (11%) are best performers. Whereas SBI (10.86%) and Reliance (10.76%) are lagging performers. LIC and HDFC launched in 2013. Hence, we don’t have 5 years performance data.

### NPS Tier 2 Scheme G Returns for 2016

Below is the chart of the same.

You notice that for 3 years returns, SBI (14.56%), Reliance (14.51%), UTI (14.39%) and ICICI (14.38%) are the leading performers. Whereas LIC (14.26%), Kotak (14.13%) and HDFC (14.04%) are lagging performers.

You notice that for 5 years returns, ICICI (11.43%%), Reliance (11.23%) and Kotak (10.88%) are best performers. Whereas SBI (10.86%) and UTI (10.71%) are lagging performers. LIC and HDFC launched in 2013. Hence, we don’t have 5 years performance data.

## Who is the best NPS Fund Manager?

In above charts we the NPS returns for the year 2016 (as on 31st August, 2016). Now based on those performance returns, who is the best NPS Fund Manager? To identify the best NPS fund manager, I considered last 3 years returns of each scheme. I purposely avoided 5 years returns as two funds not yet completed 5 years.

Also, to arrive at the decision of who is best NPS fund manager, I calculated the standard deviation of 3 years values of each fund manager. The lowest standard deviation provider in my view is best. Standard deviation is a tool to calculate the volatility in returns. Lower the volatility means lower the standard deviation. I prefer the lower standard deviation product compromising on returns part.

### Best NPS Fund Manager in Tier 1 Scheme E

Below is the chart of the same.

Notice that LIC’s last 3 years returns is lowest among all. However, look at the standard deviation of LIC. It is just 4.42. Less volatile in nature compare to other fund managers. However, ICICI’s standard deviation is 6.24. But compare to the volatility it has not given the highest return. The highest return provider is UTI but not the ICICI.

So my first choice of best NPS Fund Manager in the case of Tier 1 Scheme E goes to UTI. Reason is it provided the highest average returns for last 3 years with lower deviation compare to other peers (except LIC). I avoided LIC, because even though the standard deviation is low but returns also low. However, UTI looks slightly volatile but delivered the highest average return.

### Best NPS Fund Manager in Tier 1 Scheme C

Below is the chart of the same.

In this category, I go with Reliance Fund Manger. The returns are quite good compared to others with lowest standard deviation.

### Best NPS Fund Manager in Tier 1 Scheme G

Below is the chart of the same.

Looking at returns and standard deviation, I prefer either UTI or LIC rather than anyone else in this category.

Have you noticed one thing? What I said is Scheme E is highest volatile and then comes Scheme C lesser than Scheme E. Lowest volatile is Scheme G. However, when you look at the returns, Scheme G provided the highest returns. It is all because of these funds holding long term maturity bonds and falling interest rate cycle.

### Best NPS Fund Manager in Tier 2 Scheme E

Below is the chart of the same.

Even though LIC’s standard deviation is low (2.65), I will not go with it because the returns are pathetic compared to other funds. Hence, my choice is HDFC with 3 years returns of 12.43%.

### Best NPS Fund Manager in Tier 2 Scheme C

Below is the chart of the same.

Obviously, my choice is Kotak as the standard deviation is low with best returns of 3 years as 12.66%.

### Best NPS Fund Manager in Tier 2 Scheme G

Below is the chart of the same.

In this category, my choice is UTI with moderate risk and best performance.

**Conclusion**-You can’t generalize and say which is best NPS Fund Manger. Because there are two variants called Tier 1 and Tier 2. Within these variants, you have three types of funds based on asset class. Hence, choose the pension fund manager based on the asset you opted rather than generalizing.

Excellent article, clears the air by driving the point statistically.

Thanks for this analysis.

I am in tax slab of 20%, already 80C limit is reached,

should i invest in NPS or suggest other alternatives to save TAX and with returns,

Thanks,

Hanmant Kattimani,

Hanmant-For you saving tax is important or reaching your financial goals?

hi, iam in my early forties and a self employed professional. I am planning to invest in NPS with the aim of building a retirement fund by the time i am 60. Which would be best option to invest? tier 1 or tier 2.

Do you think it would be wise to invest upto 50k/pa in tier 1 to get 80CCC benifit and rest in tier2?

Satish-Do you think NPS a great retirement product?

which according to you is the best product/group of products?. I can invest upto 30k per month towards building retirement fund. Tax saving is not a concern. I am looking over 16-18 yrs period.

Satish-Equity and Debt Mutual Funds.

Hi Basu,

I am 33 years old and working in IT company. If I opt this plan I have to be stick on NPS till my age is 60 (27 years). Do you think this plan can generate a good amount for my retirement or better can invest the same amount in mutual funds.

I am salary is 10 lacs p.a. Could you please advise to me on this.

Thanks in advance.

Vinod-I personally avoid product which comes with lock-in and no control over my money.

Hi, I’m investing in NPS for 2yrs now and I’m employee of a corporate company. After reading the article I’m able to understand how this works and where my money is invested. Very Informative, thanks. Can you help me out which fund manager I should change to in 2017. Mine is Auto choice and invested all funds on HDFC Pension Funds.

Nagaraj-There is hardly major difference in fund manager performance (if you see above data). However, you are free to choose the fund manager based on above data.

Hi Basavaraj,

I am curious about how you have calculated the standard deviation for the schemes. Also, we have to consider how the market is behaving. Do you think beta is an important parameter ? I am just firing in the dark here.

Ankit-Calculating STD is not a big deal. You have enough online tools available and also formula to do that. Here my concentration is on STD only just to show the BEST. If you dig deep then there are many more judging tools which makes you MAD.

Hi Basu,

I have started reading your articles few months back and they are very informative. You are really doing a great job 🙂

I just wanted to ask one question. Is it advisable to invest in NPS? I am investing little little in equities in every month and I already have PPF account for my wife and Sukanya account for my daughter.

Regards,

Ashish Jindal

Ashish-Stay away.

As always great post Basu

Thanks

Ravindra-Thanks 🙂

Dear Basav,

Great article,retrieving the NPS returns from public forum is quite difficult. Great work.

As per above article NPS Tier 1 Scheme E Returns for 2016

“You notice that for 3 years returns, UTI (19.78%), ICICI (19.72%) and Reliance (18.70%) performed well. Whereas Kotak (19.41%), SBI (19.35%), HDFC (19.12%) and LIC (15.26%) are laggers. Among all these UTI is best and LIC is the worst performer.”

In above Kotak,SBI and HDFC has given much better results than Reliance then why they are termed laggers.Is there any criteria which decides the same.

Nagamohan-Sorry for this type error. I corrected it. But view the results by comparing the deviation, which I explained at the later stage of the post.

Good work basu as always.but if a guys like me who are in mid thirty can invest 2 tenure of 15 years each in PPF as a debt portfolio & continue mutual fund way to invest in equity can generate more corpus than NPS at retirement age assuming average return from both. If you can provide the analysis of comparison in your analytic way will be great.because NPS retirement kitty is taxable

Vinod-I understand your inputs. But here my point is just to give the returns and show who is the best fund manager of NPS. Anyhow I will do that analysis in my upcoming post. NPS kills your tax at the time of retirement, which only a few like you understand. Also, the biggest concern is liquidity.

Dear Basav

Awesome analytical patience u shown in this post.

Shivani-Thanks for your patience in appreciating my good work 🙂

Excellent analysis. Also, the article gives meaningful conclusion who may use it as a starting point.

Sreekanth-Your first appreciation 🙂 It values me more than anything. Thanks once again.