The first series of Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2024 Series 4 will be available for investment from 12th February to 16th February 2024. Should you buy it?
With the recent wonderful returns of the first Sovereign Gold Bond, many are attracted to this product. RBI issued the first Sovereign Gold Bond in November 2015. Hence, 8 years completed in November 2023. The issue price was Rs.2,684 per gram (per bond). The redemption price set by RBI for this bond was Rs.6,132. Hence, the return on investment is 10.88% (excluding 2.5% yearly interest). If we add the interest, then it is around 12.5% !!
Also, the SGB 2018-19, Series VI which was issued at Rs.3,326 is now eligible for premature redemption on 12th February 2024 at the price of Rs.6,263. Then the tax-free return (excluding the interest) is 13.49%!!
Whether the journey smooth in the last 8 years for the gold?
Notice the flat and bumpy ride of the last 8 years of gold. From 2015 to 2019 it was one trend and from 2019 onwards uptrend but within the rangebound for the next four years. I wrote a post by looking at the past 44 years of gold data and how much the volatile gold price movement is. Also, I have shown even if you hold the gold for 8 years (equal to the time horizon of Sovereign Gold Bond), then what may be written possibilities? You can refer to the same at “Sovereign Gold Bond Returns – How Much Can You Expect?“. However, we have a firm belief that gold will always shine!!
This Gold Bonds scheme was launched in November 2015. The government launched this scheme to reduce the demand for physical gold. Indians buy around 300 tons of gold every year. This is to be imported from outside countries. Let us see the silent features of this scheme.
The Bonds shall be issued in the form of Government of India Stock in accordance with section 3 of the Government Securities Act, 2006. The investors will be issued a Holding Certificate (Form C). The Bonds shall be eligible for conversion into de-mat form.
Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2024 Series 4 -Should You Buy?
Before you run to buy Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2024 Series 4, read my earlier posts in this regard.
- Sovereign Gold Bond Returns – How much can you expect?
- Taxation of Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme or SGB
- Yield To Maturity of Sovereign Gold Bond – Misguiding Concept!!
- Nifty 50 Vs Gold – Which is the best investment?
- Gold Volatility – Based on 43 Years of History
- Gold Price of Rs.18.75 in 1925 to Rs.47000 in 2020 – Should you invest?
After reading the above posts, if you still feel gold is worth for you to invest, then go ahead. Let us now discuss the features of this Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2024 Series 4.
# Dates to subscribe
Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2024 Series 4 will be open for subscription from 12th February to 16th February 2024.
# Who can invest?
Resident Indian entities including individuals (in his capacity as such individual, or on behalf of a minor child, or jointly with any other individual.), HUFs, Trusts, Universities, and Charitable Institutions can invest in such bonds.
Hence, NRIs are not allowed to participate in the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2024 Series 4.
# Tenure of the Bond
The tenor of the Bond will be for 8 years with an exit option from the 5th year to be exercised on the interest payment dates.
Hence, after the 5 years onward you can redeem it on the 6th, 7th, or at maturity of the 8th year. Before that, you can’t redeem.
RBI/depository shall inform the investor of the date of maturity of the Bond one month before its maturity.
# Minimum and Maximum investment
You have to purchase a minimum of 1 gram of gold. The maximum amount subscribed by an entity will not be more than 4 kgs per person per fiscal year (April) for individuals and HUF and 20 kg for trusts and similar entities notified by the government from time to time per fiscal year (April – March).
In the case of joint holding, the investment limit of 4 kg will be applied to the first applicant only. The annual ceiling will include bonds subscribed under different tranches during initial issuance by the Government and those purchased from the secondary market.
The ceiling on investment will not include the holdings as collateral by banks and other Financial Institutions.
You will receive a fixed interest rate of 2.50% per annum payable semi-annually on the nominal value. Such interest rate is on the value of money you invested initially but not on the bond value as on the date of interest payout.
Interest will be credited directly to your account which you shared while investing.
# Issue Price
The price of SGB will be fixed in Indian Rupees based on a simple average of closing price of gold of 999 purity, published by the India Bullion and Jewellers Association Limited (IBJA) for the last three working days of the week preceding the subscription period. The issue price of the SGBs will be less by Rs.50 per gram for the investors who subscribe online and pay through digital mode.
The government has fixed the issue price at Rs.6,263 per gram of gold. A discount of Rs.50 per gram from the issue price to those investors who apply online. For such investors, the issue price of a Gold Bond will be Rs.6,213 per gram of gold.
# Payment Option
Payment shall be accepted in Indian Rupees through cash up to a maximum of Rs.20,000/- or Demand Drafts or Cheque or Electronic banking. Where payment is made through cheque or demand draft, the same shall be drawn in favor of receiving an office.
# Issuance Form
The Gold bonds will be issued as Government of India Stock under the GS Act, 2006. The investors will be issued a Holding Certificate for the same. The Bonds are eligible for conversion into Demat form.
# Where to buy Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2024 Series 4?
Bonds will be sold through banks, Stock Holding Corporation of India Limited (SHCIL), designated Post Offices (as may be notified), and recognized stock exchanges viz., National Stock Exchange of India Limited and Bombay Stock Exchange, either directly or through agents.
Click HERE to find out the list of banks to Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2024 Series 4.
# Loan against Bonds
The Bonds may be used as collateral for loans. The Loan to Value ratio will be applicable to ordinary gold loans mandated by the RBI from time to time. The lien on the Bonds shall be marked in the depository by the authorized banks. The loan against SGBs would be subject to the decision of the lending bank/institution, and cannot be inferred as a matter of right by the SGB holder.
# Liquidity of the Bond
As I pointed out above, after the 5th year onwards you can redeem the bond in the 6th or 7th year. However, the bond is available to sell in the secondary market (stock exchange) on a date as notified by the RBI.
Hence, you have two options. You can redeem it in the 6th or 7th year or sell it secondary market after the notification of RBI.
Do remember that the redemption price will be in Indian Rupees based on the previous week’s (Monday-Friday) simple average of the closing price of gold of 999 purity published by IBJA.
You can nominate or change the nominee at any point in time by using Form D and Form E. An individual Non – resident Indian may get the security transferred in his name on account of his being a nominee of a deceased investor provided that:
- The non-resident investor shall need to hold the security till early redemption or till maturity, and
- the interest and maturity proceeds of the investment shall not be repatriable.
The Bonds shall be transferable by execution of an Instrument of transfer as in Form ‘F’, in accordance with the provisions of the Government Securities Act, 2006 (38 of 2006) and the Government Securities Regulations, 2007, published in part 6, Section 4 of the Gazette of India dated December 1, 2007.
As I explained above, you have the option to redeem only on the 6th, 7th, and 8th year (automatic and end of bond tenure). Hence, there are two methods one can redeem Sovereign Gold Bonds. Explaining both below.
a) At the maturity of the 8th year– The investor will be informed one month before maturity regarding the ensuing maturity of the bond. On the completion of the 8th year, both interest and redemption proceeds will be credited to the bank account provided by the customer at the time of buying the bond.
In case there are changes in any details, such as account number, or email IDs, then the investor must inform the bank/SHCIL/PO promptly.
b) Redemption before maturity – If you plan to redeem before maturity i.e. 8th year, then you can exercise this option on the 6th or 7th year.
You have to approach the concerned bank/SHCIL offices/Post Office/agent 30 days before the coupon payment date. Request for premature redemption can only be entertained if the investor approaches the concerned bank/post office at least one day before the coupon payment date. The proceeds will be credited to the customer’s bank account provided at the time of applying for the bond.
There are three aspects of taxation. Let us see one by one.
1) Interest Income-The semi-annual interest income will be taxable income for you. Hence, For someone in the 10%, 20%, or 30% tax bracket, the post-tax return comes to 2.25%, 2%, and 1.75% respectively. This income you have to show under the head of “Income from Other Sources” and have to pay the tax accordingly (exactly like your Bank FDs).
2) Redemption of Bond-As I said above, after the 5th year onward you are eligible to redeem it on the 6th,7th, and 8th year (last year). Let us assume at the time of investment, the bond price is Rs.2,500 and at the time of redemption, the bond price is Rs.3,000. Then you will end up with a profit of Rs.500. Such capital gain arising due to redemption by an individual is exempted from tax.
3) Selling in the secondary market of the Stock Exchange-There is one more taxation that may arise. Let us assume you buy today the Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2023-24 Series I and sell it on the stock exchange after a year or so. In such a situation, any profit or loss from such a transaction will be considered as a capital gain.
Hence, if these bonds are sold in the secondary market before maturity, then there are two possibilities.
# Before 3 years-If you sell the bonds within three years and if there is any capital gain, such capital gain will be taxed as per your tax slab.
# After 3 years – If you sell the bonds after 3 years but before maturity, then such capital gain will be taxed at 20% with indexation.
There is no concept of TDS. Hence, it is the responsibility of investors to pay the tax as per the rules mentioned above.
# Whom to approach in case of any issues?
The issuing banks/SHCIL offices/Post Offices/agents through which these securities have been purchased will provide other customer services such as change of address, early redemption, nomination, grievance redressal, transfer applications, etc.
Along with this, a dedicated e-mail has been created by the Reserve Bank of India to receive queries from members of the public on Sovereign Gold Bonds. Investors can mail their queries to this email id. Below is the e-mail id
RBI Email ID in case of Sovereign Gold Bonds-[email protected]
Advantages Of Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2024 Series 4
# After the GST entry, this Sovereign Gold Bond may be advantageous over physical Gold coins or bars. This product will not come under GST taxation. However, in the case of Gold coins and bars, earlier the VAT was at 1% to 1.2%, which is now raised to 3%.
# If you hold it till maturity or redeem it as and when the bonds are eligible, then the gain is tax-free.
# If your main purpose is to invest in gold, then apart from the physical form, investing in ETF or in Gold Funds, seems to be a better option. Because you do not need to worry about physical safekeeping, no fund charges (like ETF or Gold Funds) and the Demat account is not mandatory.
# In this Sovereign Gold Bond Issue FY 2023-24, the additional benefit apart from the typical physical or paper gold investment is the annual interest payment on the money you invested.
Hence, there are two types of income possibilities. One is interest income from the investment and the second is price appreciation (if we are positive on gold). Hence, along with price appreciation, you will receive interest income also.
But do remember that such interest income is taxable. Also, to avoid tax, you have to redeem it only on the 6th, 7th, or 8th year. If you sell in the secondary market, then such gain or loss will be taxed as per capital tax gain rules.
# There is no TDS from the gain. Hence, you do not need to worry about the TDS part like Bank FDs.
# A sovereign guarantee of the Government of India will make you SAFE.
Disadvantages Of Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2024 Series 4
# If you are planning to invest in your physical usage after 8 years, then simply stay away from this. Because Gold is an asset, which gives you volatility like the stock market but the returns of your debt products like Bank FDs or PPF.
# The key point to understand is also that the interest income of 2.5% is on the initial bond purchase amount but not the yearly bond value. Hence, let us say you invested Rs.2,500, then they pay interest of 2.5% on Rs.2,500 only even though the price of gold moved up and the value of such investment is Rs.3,000.
# Liquidity is the biggest concern. Your money will be locked for 5 years. Also, redemption is available only once a year after 5th year.
In case you want to liquidate in a secondary market, then it is hard to find the right price, and capital gain tax may ruin your investment.
# Sovereign guarantee of the Government of India may feel you secure. However, the redemption amount is purely based on the price movement of the gold. Hence, if there is a fall in the gold price, then you will get that discounted price only. The only guarantee here is a 2.5% return on your invested amount and NO DEFAULT RISK.
Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2024 Series 4 – Should you buy?
Above I have shared my earlier posts on gold. You noticed that gold is also a highly volatile asset like equity. However, many of us find it hard to believe.
If you are still fond of gold, then rather than exposing yourself to gold too much, make sure to have a proper asset allocation among different asset classes like equity, debt, real estate, and gold. Don’t be obsessed with any one single asset class and above that we are unsure of which asset class will perform better during OUR investment journey. Hence, diversification should be your mantra.
Conclusion:- Invest in Sovereign Gold Bond Scheme 2024 Series 4 if your main purpose is to accumulate physical gold after 8 years or so. However, if your purpose is to have exposure to gold in your investment portfolio, then better to stay away. As they are illiquid, it is hard for you to sell while doing the rebalancing activity. Instead, go for highly tradable Gold ETFs or Gold Funds (The cost will increase more compared to ETF and both ETF and Gold Funds are taxed differently) are better options.
Think and invest wisely rather than BLIND investment.