November 14, 2018

10.25% JM Financial NCD Nov 2018 – Should you invest?

10.25% JM Financial NCD Nov 2018 will hit the market on 20th November, 2018 to 20th December, 2018 for a subscription. Is it worth to invest? Who can invest? What are the risks?

There are series of NCDs coming up every month in the market. At the same time some negatives news also for few NCDs (take an example of the IL&FS saga). In such a situation, is it worth to consider these NCDs worthy to invest?

Many may be desperately looking for high fixed return products (especially the pensioners) to compensate from the low yielding bank FDs. However, try to understand the risks involved in such products at first.

Before jumping into understand this 9.7% Shriram Transport Finance NCD Oct 2018, let us first understand more about NCDs. I have already written a detailed post on this aspect (NCD (Non-Convertible Debentures) – Who can invest?). I will copy paste the same post here for your better understanding.

What are debentures?

Debentures are nothing but you are lending the money to the company. In return, the company is promising you the interest rate and return of principal at the specified time period. Then what is the difference between debentures and bonds?

In the case of India, the difference between bonds and debentures are same. However, there are slight differences only the reasons for which companies borrow money from us (investors). Usually, bonds are meant for long-term company’s borrowing. However, debentures are meant for meeting short-term company’s requirement.

Types of Debentures

Let us now understand the different variants of debentures.

Convertible and Non-Convertible Debentures

Convertible debentures mean after the specified time, these debentures are converted into shares (stocks) of the company. Up to that conversation, you will enjoy the fixed specified coupon (interest rate) on such debentures. After that, your earnings depends on price appreciation of the stock or the dividend income you receive (if the company declares it).

Non-Convertible Debentures, on the other hands, will never be converted into shares (stocks) of the company. Investors who invest in such non-convertible debentures will enjoy fixed interest rate up to maturity and after that return of principal (exactly like Bank FDs).

Secured and Unsecured Debentures

Now within debentures, there is one category like secured and unsecured debentures. Secured debentures mean companies while borrowing money from you usually along with a promise to repay the interest and principal timely, put up some asset (such assets are free from any other encumbrances except those which are specifically agreed to by the debenture holders) as surety for the loan.

Secured means in case of the company goes bankrupt or goes something wrong, the company will sell such asset and repay you the money. Hence, secured debentures are usually safer than unsecured.

In case unsecured debentures, if the company goes bankrupt, then you will get the money when all such secured debtors amount is paid back. Hence, unsecured debentures are risky than secured and also because of such risk they offer a higher interest rate to you than the secured.

Call and Put Option in Debentures

There are one more variants in case of debentures and they are usually called as Call or Put Option Debentures.

A CALL option means the company has an option to ask the investor to surrender the debenture after a certain period to them. In such a situation, the company will pay back the principal to you.

Usually, companies exercise this option if interest rates go down, and the company can get funds at lower rates from the market. In such a situation, instead of paying you a higher interest rate, companies can exercise this call option and go for a cheaper loan.

On the other hand, a PUT option means that the investor has an option to surrender the debenture if he wants to, and get back his principal.

Suppose if interest rates go up and what you are receiving from your debenture is offering you lesser interest, then you can exercise this option and get back your money to invest somewhere else. A put option gives a lot of flexibility to the investor – if interest rates go up, and he can get better rates from the market.

Do remember that such CALL and PUT options are available to investors after holding the debentures for certain periods. Also, companies give you a time period to accept or exercise such options and within that period you have to exercise it.

Taxation of NCD (Non-Convertible Debentures)

# Interest Income

The taxability of interest on NCD will depend on the method of accounting you follow for recognizing your income.

If you are following the cash method of accounting, interest will be taxable as and when the interest is received.

However, under the mercantile method of accounting, interest income on NCD will be taxable as and when interest is accrued and due.

Hence, interest income is treated as “Income from Other Sources” and treated accordingly.

# Short Term Capital Gain

If you held the debentures for less than a year and sold it in the secondary market, then any such gain from this selling will be taxed according to your tax slab.

# Long Term Capital Gain

If you hold the listed NCD, (cumulative or annual interest payment), for a period of one year or more, and on selling such NCD if you earn the gain, then such gain will be long-term capital gains (LTCG) chargeable to tax at 10% without indexation benefit.

NCD (Non-Convertible Debentures) – Who can invest?

Many of us blindly invest with the lure of high returns from such debentures. As I told you earlier, currently few NCDs are offering you high-interest rate than banks.

Advantages of NCD (Non-Convertible Debentures)

  • These are good if you are looking for a constant stream of income. Do remember that few NCDs offer you to return interest and principal at maturity itself. Hence, in such a situation, they act like typical FDs for you.
  • Usually offers higher interest rates than the Bank FDs.
  • These NCDs are listed in stock exchanges. Hence, in the case of liquidity, you can sell it in the secondary market.
  • Interest will be directly credited to your bank account. Hence, the ease of managing money.
  • There will not be TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) for these NCDs if you held them in Demat format. Hence, in this feature, they have an edge over Bank FDs.
  • It will give you diversification to your debt portfolio.

Disadvantages of NCD (Non-Convertible Debentures)

  • Credit Rating-Never trust the current credit rating and jump into investing. Credit rating may change at any point of time based on the company’s financials. Hence, beware of credit rating.
  • Liquidity-Even though such NCDs are listed in the secondary market (like BSE or NSE), they are very thinly traded. Hence, you may face the liquidity issue.
  • Post Tax Returns-Always check for post-tax returns on the interest you will receive. The formula to calculate the same is given below. Hence, a 9% NCD may not be the same for 10%, 20% or 30% tax slab individuals.

Post-tax returns = Pre-Tax returns * { (100-Tax Rate) / 100 }

  • Why a company needs the money-Check why they need the money? Why they are offering you higher interest rates than Bank FDs. If it is not possible to gauge the same by you, then knock the experts’ door and then only invest.
  • HIGH RETURNS MEANS HIGH RISK-As I said above, if they are offering you the highest interest rate than Bank FDs, then there is always a risk involved. Mere SECURED DEBENTURES means not fully secure that you will get the money the next day after the company goes bankrupt.
  • Check Financial Statement-Check financial statement of the company for the like how much % of their total asset the company allocating for unsecured loans, Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), how much % of their total asset is set aside for the NPAs (non-performing assets) and like interest coverage ratio.

10.25% JM Financial NCD Nov 2018 -Features

Above I tried to explain all about NCDs. Now let us come back to this particular issue and understand the features of 10.25% JM Financial NCD Nov 2018.

JM Financial is a non-banking finance company (NBFC), which provides integrated financial solutions to real estate developers with a focus on residential project financing such as funding real estate developers at various stages in the life cycle of a real estate project. The product portfolio consists of Project Finance, Loans against property, Loans against shares, Project at early stage loans and Loans against land.

Below are the features of 10.25% JM Financial NCD Nov 2018.

# Issue Opening Date

2oth Nov, 2018

# Issue Closing Date

20th Dec, 2018

# Interest Rate or Coupon Rate

The interest ranges from 9.67% to 10.25% depending on the category of investor and tenure of the NCDs.

# Issue Size

The base Issue size is Rs.250 Crore (with an option to retain oversubscription amount of up to Rs.1,000 Cr for Tranche II. Total size is Rs.1,250 Cr.)

Mode of Issue

Demat

# Face Value

Rs 1,000.

# Tenure Options

42 Months, 5 Yrs, and 10 Yrs

# Frequency of Interest payment

Monthly/Annual. A cumulative option is available for 42 months tenure series.

# Minimum Application size

Rs 10,000 (or 10 NCDs) and in multiples of Rs.1,000 thereafter.

# Listing

The NCDs are proposed to be listed on BSE stock exchange.

# Security & Asset Cover

The Company and Promoter will create and maintain appropriate security in favor of the Debenture Trustee for the NCD Holders on the assets adequate to ensure required asset cover for the Secured NCDs.

# Credit Ratings

The NCDs have been rated [ICRA] AA/Stable by ICRA for an amount of up to Rs. 2,000 Crores and IND AA/Stable by India Ratings for an amount up to Rs. 2,000 Crores.

# Issue Allocation Ratio

40% of the Issue is for retail investors and 40% for HNIs (Individuals applying for an amount of > Rs.10 lakh).

# Put and Call options 

No Put & Call options are available.

NRIs are not eligible to apply to this NCD issue.

Below is the rate of interest chart of 10.25% JM Financial NCD Nov 2018.

10.25% JM Financial NCD Nov 2018 - Coupon Rate

10.25% JM Financial NCD Nov 2018 – Should you invest?

I have already covered the full part of who can consider such NCDs. However, considering the recent frequent change in Credit Ratings of the companies by these credit companies, it is hard to believe and invest blindly. Hence, I thought to add few more points here.

# NCDs are not like Bank FDs

Do remember one thing that NCDs are not like typical Bank FDs, where you invest now and regularly receive the monthly or yearly interest payment and at the end, you get the principal.

The risk is more in case of NCDs even though they claim to be secured.  Hence, your return of principal and interest depends on the company’s financials. Hence, never compare your Bank FDs with NCDs.

# Repeating again…Credit Rating may change at any time

Take the case of IL&FS issue. It was highly rated and suddenly downgraded within a few months. What will happen to investors don’t know. Even though IL&FS issued secured NCDs, the possibility is high that you may get interested and principal after the deadlines.

Hence, never ever trust the credit ratings and invest.

# Take a calculated RISK

Take the calculated risk. How? Invest around 10% of your debt portfolio into such NCDs. Never invest all your debt portfolio under single NCD. Assume your corpus is around Rs.5 Cr and you are completely relying on this corpus to survive monthly, then not invest more than 10% such corpus in NCDs and that also never in a single NCD.

# Company’s Financials may change without our notice

Even if we believe credit rating remained the same, but it is hard for retail investors to follow company financials regularly. Hence, without our notice, there may be a change in financial situations or NPAs. Hence, diversify your risk in different NCDs rather than sticking all money in a single issue.

22 Comments

  1. My savings are 4 lakh, should i invest 2 lakhs in this issue for 36 months, i feel the interest rates are attractive.

    Reply
    • Dear Narasimha,
      How can I say without knowing your financial goals?

      Reply
  2. Thanks for your post. I am little bit late to post query.
    My query is how cumulative option in above NCD will be treated for taxation using cash based accounting ?
    2) In case we sell it on exchange after 12 months ( 42 months is tenure of cumulative option) and no interest is credited to beneficiary, will the tax applied is LTCG only ?
    Or marginal rate of IT ?
    Thank You!

    Reply
  3. Hello Sir, please advise whether above NCD is listed on BSE? IF yes please give its trading code at BSE, so i can buy from secondry market.thanx.

    Reply
    • Dear Kapil,
      It might already listed. Check the code in BSE portal.

      Reply
  4. Very Thoroughly Explained.

    Reply
  5. I have zerodha account….

    May i know the way to buy JM financial ncd ?

    Reply
    • Dear Radhakrishna,
      I am not sure about Zerodha process. You have to contact them.

      Reply
      • don’t have provision to Purchase NCD from my demat account

        Reply
        • Dear Radhakrishnan,
          In that case, you can go with financial institutes like Bajaj Financial Services or NJ India.

          Reply
          • I have checked in Bajaj finserv, Bajaj capital, nj India websites….but not listed on them..
            .

            Reply
  6. Dear sir
    This is regarding insurance claim inquiry..please be guided..we are in critical stage..

    I have the following question regarding claim about four wheeler (car insurance).
    My friend has purchased second hand car on 12th October 2018…he has full comprehensive policy..
    He has given name transfer for RC on 29th October 2018 in Bangalore RTO .it has transfer on his name today..15/11/2018.. Unfortunately he met with an accident 13/11/2018..car fully damaged…and one person died..he informed it to insurance company on same day…during that time RC and Insurance had in previous owner.
    But now RC in his name and insurance in previous owner name…he spoken to insurance company regarding name change for insurance…they said after name transfer in RC only ,they ll proceed for insurance name transfer…they also mentioned that it should done be done within 14days ..

    1
    Whether he ll get claim regarding same?..

    2) They are telling name transfer in insurance should be done within 14 days…14 days means after changing name in RC?…or purchase date?..
    please help us regarding the same..we are in confuse state…
    3)what he should do now?..transfer policy for his name first then he ll go motor inspection?.vehicle now in police station…

    Reply
    • Dear Ramesh,
      1) As at the time of accident previous owner is the real owner, I think they give the claim to earlier owner itself.
      20 It is 14 days after name change in RC.
      3) It is hard to say as the rules are not so clear in this regard. But better you interact this issue with the insurance company and please update the same here with me also. We will definitely find a solution.

      Reply
  7. Hi Basu sir,
    Really thanks for keeping us updated on such things. By reading your blogs only many of us understand many basics in simple words. Thanks a lot. While reading the post i was searching for how much can one invest and got it from you. Its really good suggestion that we should invest around 10% not more than that which common people like us need thanks a lot. I have a question as of now if i need to invest 10% of my debt in to NCDs do you suggest JM financial as best or any others. Please guide

    Reply
    • Dear Sat,
      Thanks for your kind words. Regarding my suggestion about this NCD, check the credit rating.

      Reply
      • Thanks Basu sir, I understand there is credit risk and it can change anytime

        But as of todays with calculated risk if I want to invest little of my money in NCDs which are good ones you would like to suggest. Can you suggest us it would be help full for many people like me?

        Reply
        • Dear Sat,
          It is hard for me to suggest anything blindly without knowing YOUR RISK taking ability. However, what I can say is that experiment with small portion but not this issue. Wait for some other.

          Reply
          • thanks for suggestion i understand we can try with small portion of debt portfolio

            Reply
  8. You have the right nerve on how to write in simplest terms to make even a layman understand. It’s like you are telling a good story! BTW, PNBHFL is offering 8.4% pa for 13 month fixed deposit on the other hand. It does seem to me the liquidity crunch is indeed true for NBFCs.

    Reply
    • Dear Sreekanth,
      Thanks for your kind words. Yes, look at the financial strength of these NBFCs or Corporate FDs before taking into the plunge.

      Reply

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