February 11, 2013

SBI Tax Saving Deposit-Why effective yield is so high?

Look at below advertisement from SBI Bank. You may surprise to see effective  returns from Tax Saving FDs are showing as 17.39% for senior citizens and 16.64% for others. How this much high return SBI can generate from it’s tax saving FDs? Let us see the marketing trick.

SBI Tax Saving Deposit

From above table you notice that the amount you are investing is Rs.10,000. Tax benefit you get immediately is Rs.3,090 (considered under Tax Bracket of 30%). So your actual investment is Rs.6,910. For this actual investment you will get return of Rs.15,605 (for senior citizens) and Rs.15,228 (for others). Rate of Interest they are quoting as 9.00% for seniors and 8.50% for others. Then how this effective annual yield is 17.39% and 16.46%?

You need to understand difference between interest on investment and effective yield. While quoting interest on investment usually taxation will not be considered. Whereas during quoting effective yield, taxation is also considered (which need to be at beginning and at end). But in above advertisement of SBI, they showed the tax benefit during the time of investment and completely neglected the post maturity tax issue.

What they showed is 50% correct, but they left the tax issue which you need to pay on the interest part of maturity. Showing tax benefit during the time of investment is wonderful idea but neglecting the taxation issue of post maturity is not worth. I will show in below table the actual tax benefit what you get from investment, what tax you need to pay on post maturity and how much is the actual yield.

SBI

From above table you notice that after considering the taxation both during investment as well as on maturity how the effective yield was reduced. I considered 30% tax bracket for both the periods.

One more point to be noted is, above effective yield will be higher if you are under 30% tax bracket. It will be get reduced if you are under lower tax bracket. So considering these effective rates without taking into what tax bracket you are into may actually again reduce your effective yield from this product.

10 Comments

  1. Hi Basu,

    I invested a lump sum amount in SBI Magnum Tax Gain – Divident Reinvestment plan in 2007. Since its a reinvestment plan i am getting every year a divident amount and it get invested in the same fund. Issue is the divident amount is consider as a new investment and block for next 3 years. Please let me know how can i sell the complete amount of fund or switch in the same fund growth option.

    Thanks & Regards,
    Vinod Singh

    Reply
    • Vinod-Try to redeem the lock-free units. This is the only option. I don’t know what prompted your adviser to recommend you.

      Reply
      • Thanks basu. Few days back I read somewhere MF rule revised all the reinvestment options are automatically switch to payout option. I checked this year the dividend amount got in my account instead of repurchase the fund. So my fund is automatically switch to divident payout option.

        Please let me know can i switch it to payout to growth option now and what is the procedure.

        Thanks,
        Vinod

        Reply
        • Vinod-Yes, now the dividend reinvestment option ruled out. It is good if your fun option changed automatically. Your problem resolved automatically right?

          Reply
  2. Good Morning Sir

    Myself is Alap Shah.

    I am having query regarding Tax Saving Bank FD.

    I am investing 1,00,000/- Rs in Bank Saving FD of 5 Years for Saving under section 80(C) whose interest is Tax Free For me.

    Now simultaneously can I Invest 1,00,000/- Rs in PPF also , which i would not show as saving under section 80(c) while filing Return as i have already invested 1,00,000/- Rs in Bank FD.

    In that case the interest i would earn on Both Tax Saving Bank FD and PPF would be TAX Free?

    Kindly Guide.

    Regards
    Alap

    Reply
    • Alap-How the tax saving FDs interest is tax free for you? According to current taxing rules, whatever you earn from Bank FDs are taxable. So first rectify that. Even though your tax saving options under Sec80C exhausted, still you can invest Rs.1,00,000 per year in PPF. But as I said above, only PPF interest is tax free but not Bank FDs interest.

      Reply
  3. Thanx for calculations you showed… it is really useful understand different between nominal and effective rates… we can go for city union bank five year FD which is providing 9.5% rate as nominal interest….. which tax free upto 100,000 RS investment per year… look at this site … http://www.cityunionbank.com/english/deposit.aspx

    Reply
    • Jasbir-Thanks commenting and sharing the link, which may be helpful for others.

      Reply
  4. Still better if EAY is 14-15 %. Only issue is lock-in period which is 5 years but safe whereras ELSS is 3 years & risky. In safe mode is it not bank FD is better than NSC (longer period, interest is less & taxable) or PPF (longer period)?

    Reply
    • Irshad-Thanks for commenting. But which is best from Bank FDs, NSC and PPF is depends on his need. So we can’t say generically. If his waiting period is more than 10 years then PPF is the best tool else these short term investments are better. Hence we can’t say which is good or bad.

      Reply

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